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Moong (also called Green gram ) is one of the important pulse crops in India. It has been reported that Green gram has been cultivated in India since ancient times. It is believed that Green gram is a native of India and Central Asia and grown in these regions since prehistoric times. It is widely cultivated throughout the Asia, including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, south China, and Formosa.

 
Major Producing States in India
In India, Green gram is one of the most widely cultivated pulse crops after gram and tur. It is grown over on an area of 3.30 lakh hectares with a production of 1.24 lakh tones in 2008-2009. Area and Production of Moong in India for the years are given as under Table -
The area (M ha), production (Lakh Mt) and Productivity (Kg/ ha) in India

Years

Area

Production

Productivity
2004-05 3.34 1.06 415
2005-06 3.10 0.95 428
2006-07 3.19 1.12 440
2007-08 3.43 1.52 510
2008-09 3.30 1.24 425
Sources: Directorate of pulses development Bhopal
 
State wise Area in (00) hectare in India

State

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08
Rajasthan 799.50 756.10 1059.60
Maharashtra 546.00 585.30 674.00
Karnataka 400.00 448.00 530.00
Andhra Pradesh 385.00 394.00 438.00
Gujarat 172.90 214.00 209.00
Bihar 174.10 168.70 162.70
Tamil Nadu 136.70 134.10 158.70
Sources: Directorate of pulses development Bhopal
 
State wise Production (00) tones in India

State

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08
Rajasthan 130.00 269.60 416.50
Maharashtra 193.90 241.10 372.00
Andhra Pradesh 166.70 144.00 192.00
Gujarat 53.50 64.00 114.00
Bihar 96.20 88.70 111.20
Karnataka 90.00 55.00 111.00
Tamil Nadu 45.90 79.80 47.90
Sources: Directorate of pulses development Bhopal
 
Seasonality of Moong in India

The moong is grown in India in two seasons kharif and summer. However, Peak market arrivals are from September to October (kharif) and June to July (summer). Moong is mostly grown as a kharif crop in Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh etc. But in Tamilnadu, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh & Bihar it is grown as a summer crop.

Moong Minimum Support Price (Rs. per qtl.)
Year
Prices (Rs/qtls.)

2005-06

1520

2006-07

1520

2007-08

1700

2008-09

2520

2009-10

2760

 
India imports pulses from following countries
Myanmar, China, Tanzania
 
Major Trading Centres
Maharashtra- Mumbai, Kolhapur, Pune, Akola, Khamgaon, Jalgaon
Rajasthan- Nagaur, Jodhpur, Merta City, Sumerpur, Udaipur
Karnataka- Bangalore, Gulberga, Mysore
Andhra Pradesh- Khammam, Warangal, Karimnagar, Peddapuram, Suryapeta