Wheat is the largest produced grain on the earth
and is staple food for people in almost all parts of the world.
It is the second largest cereal grain consumed on earth.
World wheat production for 2008/09 is projected to 676.3 million
Major wheat producing countries - EU-27, China, India, USA, Russia,
Canada, and Australia. European Union contributed about 25 % of
wheat followed by China (22%), India (16 %), USA (12%) and Russia
World exports of wheat account for around 18-20 per cent of world
production and, six countries or groupings-Argentina (8.9%), EU
(9.9%), Russia (11.3%), Australia (12.2%), Canada (13.2%) and the
US (28.2%)-account for close to 85 per cent of world exports.
World wheat consumption is consistently growing with growth in
population. The major consuming countries of wheat are EU, China,
India, Russia, USA and Pakistan.
Major importing countries are European Union, China, Egypt, Japan,
and Brazil. Other importing nations are Mexico, Indonesia, Algeria,
Philippines, and Iraq.